Monkeypox is a rare disease that was first detected in humans in 1958 among captive monkeys. The virus has been found among nonhuman primates in many parts of Africa,

Asia, and South America. Monkeypox can be transmitted from wild or pet monkeys to humans directly or indirectly through contaminated clothing.

In humans it causes a general influenza-like illness; however, the disease is usually more severe when it occurs in nonhuman primates.

Thus, persons working with nonhuman primates should take precautions to avoid exposure to the animals’ respiratory secretions and fluids.

Although human cases of monkeypox are rare, individuals who work with nonhuman primates should be aware of the...

potential risk for acquiring this infection and take appropriate precautions to avoid exposure to these animals.